When copying data, you generally need to shape the source data before loading it. This may be as simple as joining business keys to dimension tables to get dimension keys. Or the query can be quite complex, involving multiple joins, derived tables, etc. Do you embed the full query in the stored procedure (or data source) to load your target table? Or do you use a view or table valued function? There is almost a religious fervor associated with each position.
I suggest that for the purposes of debugging, using a view/function makes sense.
Here is the situation that I encountered. A stored procedure copied data from staging to our data mart. There were multiple joins between different staging tables, dimension tables and other fact tables. We had to use common table expressions embedded in common table expressions. At the end of this post is a majorly simplified outline of the actual stored procedure.
I want to be able to view results without changing the data. In addition, I would like to be able to compare the results of the old code with the new. And I would like to easily incorporate the revisions that I make in the debug process.
If I replace the hard coded SQL with a table valued function, I could create a new version of the function:
create function MyFunction_test ... as (same code are original)
Now that I have multiple functions, I can run various selects.
select * from MyFunction (@param1, @param2) except select * from MyFunction_test (@param1, @param2)
I keep changing MyFunction_test until I get the results I expect. Then I would alter MyFunction and put the new code into source control.
Alter function MyFunction ... as (revised code)
It would be challenging to do that with hard coded SQL. What I did was to comment out the logging. I commented out the create proc line and converted the parameters to variables. I commented out various begin and end statements. Then when I finally got the query to return the results right I had to paste the code in the right place.
Create proc myproc Parameters AS Calculate variables Log start Begin try Begin transaction With cte1 as ( Select x, y, z, sum(a) as TotalA , Sum(case when b = 1 then c when d = 2 then e else 0 end) as TotalCE From tbl1 Where f = @param and g = @variable Group by x, y, z ), cte2 as ( Select x, sum(amt) as totalAmount from stagingtable Where f = @param Group by x _) Insert facttable Select d.surrkey , cte1.y, cte1.z , cte1.TotalA, cte1.TotalCE , cte2.TotalAmount From cte1 inner join cte2 on cte1.x = cte2.x Inner join dimtable d on cte1.x = d.x Left outer join facttable f of d.surrkey = f.dimkey Where f.dimkey is null; Commit transaction End try Begin catch; Rollback; End catch;